👵 Do Americans have enough retirement savings? 🧓
The median amount Americans have saved for retirement is just $71,500. Baby boomers have $112,000 — only 39% of the $286,400 that Fidelity says they should have in the bank by age 60.
1 in 3 Workers Aren't Saving for Retirement | When Americans Started Saving | When Workers Plan to Retire | Pandemic's Impact on Retirement Finances | Retirement Financial Fears | Why Americans Aren't Saving for Retirement | Sources of Retirement Income
Chronically overworked Americans are no doubt dreaming of the day they can retire. But retirement isn't cheap, and many workers' savings will come up short.
The amount each worker needs to retire varies greatly by individual and depends on the lifestyle they want in retirement. In general, financial planners say workers need 80% of their pre-retirement income each year to cover expenses when they stop working.
An employee who makes the median 2020 salary of $35,800 and plans to spend 20 years in retirement will, therefore, need about $572,800 in total retirement savings.
But the median amount Americans have saved for retirement is just $71,500. More than 1 in 4 people (27%) have less than $50,000 in retirement savings, and 16% have nothing saved.
To learn more about how Americans are preparing (or failing to prepare) for retirement, we surveyed 1,000 non-retired individuals about their finances, retirement savings, and expectations for their post-career lives.
We found that baby boomers on the cusp of retirement have less than half the recommended savings, with little time to make up the deficit.
Across all age groups, financial stress from the pandemic caused many Americans to stop saving for retirement entirely or spend retirement funds that would have accrued interest for years to come.
💰 Retirement Finances Statistics
One-Third of Working Americans Aren't Saving for Retirement
As inflation soars and Americans struggle to make ends meet, fewer people are saving for retirement. Nearly two-thirds (63%) of non-retired individuals are currently saving for retirement — down from 93% before the pandemic.
Although fewer adults are saving for retirement, those who are investing are setting aside more. In 2022, 68% of Americans are following experts' advice to save 15% or more of their annual income for retirement, compared to 61% prior to March 2020.
That doesn't mean workers are sitting on piles of cash, however. Nearly two-thirds (62%) of Americans raided their retirement savings to pay for expenses during the pandemic, so they may hope to replenish their accounts through higher contributions.
More than one-third (37%) of Americans are not saving for retirement. Of those, more than 1 in 3 (39%) reported $0 in retirement accounts, likely meaning some of them have never saved, or they spent everything they had saved.
Others were forced to stop investing because of the pandemic-induced recession. Approximately 83% of adults who aren't currently saving for retirement were saving before March 2020.
Surprisingly, boomers boast the second-largest share of members who aren't saving for retirement (38%) — behind Gen Z (44%) — even though their generation is most likely to retire soon.
Nearly 1 in 4 Boomers Didn't Start Saving Until Age 50
Financial experts encourage workers to start saving for retirement as soon as they can so their money has time to grow.
About half (52%) of Americans who are currently saving for retirement began doing so before their 30s. Boomers, however, started saving later in life, with nearly 1 in 4 (23%) waiting until they were 50 years of age or older.
It's perhaps no surprise, then, that baby boomers face a serious retirement savings shortfall.
Fidelity recommends workers save 8x their annual income by age 60. Baby boomers making the median annual income should have $286,400 in retirement savings, but the median amount saved is only $112,000 — 39% of the recommended amount.
With the cost of living rising to new highs, millennials are saving for retirement much earlier than boomers. More than 1 in 4 (29%) millennials who are currently saving for retirement began doing so between 25 to 29 years old. That's double the percentage (14%) of boomers who started saving at that age.
Additionally, about 1 in 5 (18%) millennials started saving even earlier, between 20 to 24 years old, compared to just 9% of boomers.
As a result of early contributions, millennials are on pace to save more than older generations.
Fidelity recommends workers save 3x their annual income by age 40. For workers earning the median U.S. salary, that amounts to about $107,000. Millennials have $70,000 in retirement savings, putting them on pace to reach that mark.
1 in 10 Americans Don't Think They'll Ever Be Able To Retire
Younger generations are optimistic that saving earlier will help them retire sooner.
The average retirement age is 62, but 1 in 4 (25%) Americans think they'll be able to retire before 60.
Generation Z is the most optimistic about early retirement and is 206% more likely than boomers to believe they could retire before 60.
Gen Z's confidence should be taken with a grain of salt, though. The age group wildly overestimates its early- and mid-career salaries, potentially leading to unrealistic retirement goals.
Many workers view their retirement prospects more pragmatically. More than 1 in 3 Americans (38%) — including 42% of boomers — think they'll retire in their 60s near the average retirement age.
Approximately 10% of Americans don't think they'll ever be able to retire, though.
Among those respondents, women are 71% more likely than men to say so. Although some studies suggest women are more likely to participate in retirement plans, longer lifespans, the gender pay gap, and career breaks to care for children adversely impact women's retirement savings.
Nearly Two-Thirds of Americans Dipped Into Their Retirement Savings During the Pandemic
Americans have less saved for retirement than they did before the pandemic in March 2020.
Nearly two-thirds (62%) of Americans with retirement savings spent some of it to make ends meet during the pandemic. Of those, about 1 in 6 (16%) spent $15,000 or more from retirement accounts.
As a result of depleted reserves, 79% of adults are worried they'll have to lower their standard of living in retirement.
It's a common concern across all generations, but it's particularly prevalent among boomers. Approximately 86% of boomers are worried their standard of living will be lower in retirement, with 47% saying they're very concerned.
With less time to offset a savings shortfall before retiring, boomers are 15% more likely than millennials and 38% more likely than Gen Z to say they're very worried about lowering their standard of living in retirement.
Rather than sacrifice their desired lifestyle, 40% of Americans have delayed their retirement plans to recoup losses from the pandemic.
More Than Half of Americans Believe They'll Outlive Their Retirement Savings
The pandemic destroyed workers' retirement finances, and 40% are now less confident than before the pandemic that they'll have enough money saved for retirement.
Those fears are exacerbated by the volatile economy as the pandemic decelerates. Large sums of relief aid created strong demand for products, but the supply chain remained hampered by a shortage of workers who reduced production capacity.
As a result, the U.S. has the highest inflation rate in 40 years, and 83% of Americans are concerned that their retirement savings won't stretch as far.
The economy is clearly booming, with employers across the U.S. raising wages and adding thousands of jobs each month. But what goes up must come down, and some economists fear a potential recession.
Approximately 81% of Americans worry some part of the economy will crash in 2022, with almost half (45%) fearing a general market crash.
A recession can be particularly hard on individuals who are nearing retirement or have just retired. Market losses combined with a withdrawal of retirement funds may deplete reserves faster than planned, increasing the chance that retirees will run out of money down the road.
More than half (56%) of Americans believe they'll outlive their retirement savings.
Although men are more confident they can retire early, they are 5% more likely than women to believe they'll outlive their savings, indicating that early retirement may put them in a financially risky position.
Earning Too Little Is the No. 1 Reason Americans Fail to Save for Retirement
Among those who aren't saving for retirement, more than 1 in 3 (37%) say it's because they don't make enough income.
Other reasons include:
- Unemployment (26%)
- Too young to start saving for retirement (21%)
- Prioritizing other investments (19%)
- Too much debt (18%)
- Don't know how to save for retirement (15%)
Earning too little to save for retirement is a common sentiment among all workers but particularly among women — who are 32% more likely than men to say they don't make enough money to save for retirement.
Working women in the U.S. make just 80 cents for every dollar a man makes. That pay gap follows them into retirement. Because of lower lifetime earnings, women possess only 70% of what men have saved for retirement and receive fewer Social Security benefits.
50% of Workers Say Their Employers Don't Help Enough With Retirement
Providing a retirement savings plan and matching worker contributions is one of the best ways employers can help their employees save for retirement.
However, nearly 1 in 3 (31%) retirees say their company didn't offer a 401(k) plan or pension, according to a recent survey of retired Americans.
Even when companies do offer a retirement plan, half of workers (50%) believe their employers don't do enough to help them save for retirement.
As workers quit in droves amid the Great Resignation, companies are raising salaries and improving their benefits to attract and retain top talent — earning the approval of younger generations who make up the core of the American workforce.
Millennials, for example, are 31% more likely than boomers to say they make enough money to save for retirement and 46% more likely to say their employers contribute enough to their retirement plans.
More Than Half of Working Adults Believe Social Security Funding Will Run Out Before They Retire
Social Security is intended to be only one part of a multipronged approach to retirement, but as Americans fall behind on savings, many retirees rely on the program as their primary source of income.
Nearly half of Americans (47%) expect Social Security to be a source of retirement income, but an even greater percentage (55%) think the program will run out of funds by the time they retire.
The Social Security Administration projects it will only be able to pay in full through 2037, before the oldest millennials reach retirement.
Predictably, boomers have the most faith in the longevity of the system: 59% of them plan to rely on Social Security in retirement, compared to 46% of millennials. About two-thirds of millennials (64%) think Social Security funds will run dry by the time they retire compared to 32% of boomers.
Millennials are just as likely to rely on their own personal savings and investments as on Social Security. Almost half (46%) say they will depend on retirement accounts such as an IRA, Roth IRA, and 401(k) for income in retirement.
Surprisingly, 1 in 4 Americans, including 30% of millennials, say they will rely on cryptocurrency as a source of retirement income.
In April, Fidelity became the first retirement plan provider to offer 401(k) investors access to bitcoin. Investing in cryptocurrency, however, is risky because of the market's volatility. In May, widespread sales of cryptocurrency erased more than $200 billion of wealth from the market in just one day.
The Department of Labor urges extreme caution when considering whether to add it to an investment plan.
The proprietary data featured in this study comes from an online survey commissioned by Anytime Estimate. One thousand and two non-retired Americans were surveyed from May 4-5, 2022. Each respondent answered up to 21 questions related to their financial situation, retirement preparations, and worries surrounding retirement and financial planning.
About Anytime Estimate
Stay on top of your money, around the clock. Since 2009, Anytime Estimate's straightforward calculators and expert articles have simplified mortgages, refinancing, and other real estate costs — fast. In 2021, Anytime Estimate was acquired by Clever Real Estate, a free agent-matching service that has helped consumers save more than $82 million on real estate fees. Research by Anytime Estimate's Data Center has been cited by The New York Times, CNBC, MarketWatch, NPR, Apartment Therapy, Yahoo Finance, Black Enterprise, and more.
More Research From Anytime Estimate
Fidelity recommends saving 3x your annual income by age 40. That amounts to about $107,000 for workers earning the median U.S. income. Millennials have $70,000 in retirement savings, putting them on pace to reach that mark. Learn more.
Fidelity recommends saving 8x your annual income by age 60. Baby boomers making the median annual income should have $286,400 in retirement savings, but they only have $112,000 in the bank — 39% of the recommended amount. Learn more.
St. Louis Fed. "Real Median Personal Income in the United States." Updated Sept. 14, 2021.
Fidelity. "How Much Should I Save for Retirement?." Updated July 29, 2021.
Fidelity. "How Much Do I Need to Retire?." Updated Aug. 27, 2021.
Gallup. "U.S. Retirees' Experience Differs From Nonretirees' Outlook." Updated May 18, 2021.
Real Estate Witch. "2022 Data: College Students Overestimate Starting Salary by $50,000." Updated April 25, 2022.
Vanguard Research. "Women Versus Men in DC Plans." Updated January 2019.
NBC News. "Inflation Rate Rose 7.5% Over Previous January as Price Hikes Persist." Updated Feb. 11, 2022.
Society for Human Resource Management. "Black Workers Still Earn Less Than Their White Counterparts." Updated June 11, 2020.
Clever Real Estate. "State of Retirement Finances: 2022 Edition." Updated March 14, 2022.
Social Security Administration. "The Future Financial Status of the Social Security Program."
CNBC. "Fidelity Is Offering 401(k) Investors Access to Bitcoin, the First Retirement Plan Provider to do so." Updated April 26, 2022.
Bloomberg. "More Than $200 Billion Wiped Off Cryptocurrency Market in a Day." Updated May 12, 2022.
U.S. Department of Labor. "401(k) Plan Investments in Cryptocurrencies." Updated March 10, 2022.